As young athlete competing throughout the year, it seems that new injuries are always popping up and while the goal is to prevent them, it’s still good to know what injuries are the most common. Among athletes, sports injury common in the knee and shoulder followed by the remaining joints.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Sharif Dudekula, Consultant Arthroscopic Surgeon and Sports Medicine Specialist at Medicover Hospital in Navi Mumbai, explained, “Sports injuries are classified into three types acute, overuse and the last one is chronic sports injury.”

Common sports injuries:

Dr Sharif Dudekula revealed that the most common sports injuries include –

1. Sprain the ligament that connects the two bones,

2. Tendon strain which is the insertion of muscle into bone

3. Knee injuries, most often the anterior cruciate ligament and menisci are affected

4. Shoulder injuries, most commonly rotator cuff tears and anterior shoulder dislocations

5. Tennis elbow / golfer elbow

6. Followed by fracture, concussion, plantar fasciitis, etc.

7. Knee Injury

He adds, “After a knee injury if there is an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury the patient experiences pain, swelling appearing immediately after the injury, inability to bear weight, and joint stiffness. In the case of a meniscal injury, all the symptoms are the same except for swelling that appears after some time of the injury.


Dr Sharif Dudekula advises, “In acute conditions use ice packs, knee immobilizer, adequate pain relief and active physiotherapy once the pain subsides. Patients with chronic complete ACL injuries present with knee instability and difficulty using stairs. Then the patient requires ACL reconstruction, for meniscal injuries for acute conditions as well as ACL injuries. The patient’s chronic condition may require meniscectomy or meniscus repair depending on the status of the meniscus.

Talking about a shoulder injury, he said, “If there is a rotator cuff injury, the patient usually presents with pain, swelling, and an inability to raise the arm. If there is a dislocation of the shoulder, along with the above symptoms, there is limb deformity (attitude) in flexion abduction and external rotation (anterior dislocation) and the patient holds his forearm with the other hand for support while presenting to the doctor.

Therefore, he advises, “Treatment for shoulder injuries depends on the type of injury. In the acute setting go for rest, apply ice packs, adequate pain relief, arm pouch sling for temporary stabilization, and once the pain subsides go for rotator cuff strengthening and shoulder ROM exercises. For acute dislocations, perform joint closed reduction and rest 2 to 3 weeks with a shoulder immobilizer followed by gradual shoulder range of motion. For chronic rotator cuff injuries with significant symptoms, perform rotator cuff repair and repeated chronic dislocations will be performed for Bankert repair or remplissage procedures.

Highlighting that sprains and strains are usually accompanied by pain, swelling and an inability to bear weight if the lower limb is injured, Dr Sharif Dudekula shares, “This is usually treated with rest, ice application, compression and elevation of the limb and followed by adequate physiotherapy. .”


After injury, Dr Sharif Dudekula recommends you to treat your limbs with adequate rest, application of ice packs. He suggested –

1. Brace or splint to the limb.

2. Elevate the leg to reduce swelling.

3. Must undergo adequate rehabilitation after the injury has healed.

4. Perform TT injection in case of open fracture.


According to Dr Sharif Dudekula, injured people should avoid –

1. hot water,

2. Massage at the injury site

3. Avoid sports activities until recovery

4. Don’t immobilize the joint for a long time, start the range of motion as soon as the pain goes away

Prevention tips:

To prevent sports injuries, Dr Sharif Dudekula recommends:

1. Cut the intensity, frequency and duration of sports activities

2. Athletes, athletes and people involved in sporting activities – perform activities under the proper guidance of an expert, physiotherapist or trained person

3. Drink enough water to maintain hydration depending on exercise activity and temperature

4. Take adequate and proper nutrition for performance

5. Do sports or sports activities with the right equipment

6. Follow proper muscle strengthening training

7. Always do an adequate warm-up, and stretch before activity or exercise followed by warm-up and stretching after activity or exercise.

By Blanca

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